Paula Marie L. Ward

Research


Research Interests:

Applied Sustainability Research and Development

Dr. Ward has taken a multidisciplinary and integrative approach in research development, implementation, and scale up through teambuilding, cross disciplinary collective impact methodologies, and where appropriate, integrating triple bottom line sustainability goals.

Research interests include the reutilization of socially generated organic residuals: as sources of agricultural nutrients, renewable energy products, value-added crop improvement products, and clean water; efficient renewable residual conversion technologies integrating high-yield efficiencies and low environmental impact; the role, control and impacts of microorganisms and antibiotic resistance development factors in soil, water, animal systems, and nutraceutical use.          

Current applied sustainability initiatives include: strategic support to municipalities changing waste residual management philosophies; redirecting organic resources to renewable conversion for natural gas and biofuel production; co-location of renewable energy production facilities with fertilizer, recycled glass, and plastic reforming manufacture; redesign of wastewater treatment and waste handling facilities to support on renewable energy modalities, clean water production facilities, and damaged soil revitalization products.

Other current research includes: Use of Biophotonics Imaging Strategies to Establish Potentially Unknown Infection Sites of Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis in a Rodent Model (Mississippi State University); Analysis of wheat containing foods for pesticide residues, and their effects on the microbiome (Rutgers University).

Privately, Dr. Ward is a social entrepreneur working on globally-relevant sustainability issues related to waste residual management, resulting new product development, and agricultural environmental impacts.

Scientific Papers:

Ward, P. 2012. Brown and black grease suitability for incorporation into feeds and suitability for biofuels.  Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 75, No. 4, 2012, Pages 731–737

Wiatrowski, H. A., P. L. Ward, and T. Barkay. 2006. Novel, mer-independent reduction of mercury by mercury sensitive dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria. Env. Sci. Technol. 40, 6690-96.

Le, K., R. Lehman, J. Remmert, K. VanNess, P.L. Ward, J.D. Idol. 2005. Multiphase blends from poly (L-lactide) and poly (methyl methacrylate). Accepted: Journal of Biomaterial Science

Kleiner, D., S. E. Katz, P. L. Ward. 2006. In vitro Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria Exposed to Residue Level Exposures of Antimicrobial Drugs, Pesticides and Veterinary Drugs. In press: Journal of Chemotherapy

G. Benyehuda, J. Coombs, P.L.Ward, D. Balkwill, and T. Barkay. 2003. Metal resistance among aerobic chemoheterotrophic bacteria from the deep terrestrial subsurface. Canadian Journal of Microbiology.

Ward, P, S. Fasitsas, and S. E. Katz. 2002. Antimicrobial resistance development mediated by nutraceuticals. The British Naturopathic Journal. Volume 19, No 3: 65-6.

Ward, P. L., J. E. Wohlt. 2002. A survey of cattle, horse, poultry and laboratory animal industries: preferences, perceptions and risks associated with recycled paper and traditional animal bedding materials use in New Jersey, 1995. Journal of Extension. Volume 40, 3 http://www.joe.org/joe/2002june/rb3.html.

Ward, P.L., S. Fasitsas, and S.E. Katz. 2002. Microbial inhibition, antibiotic interactions, and resistance development by nutraceuticals. J of Food Protection 65 (3) 528-533.

Ward, P.L., J.E. Wohlt, and S.E. Katz. 2001. Chemical, physical and environmental properties of pelleted newspaper compared to wheat straw and wood shavings as bedding for horses. J Animal Science 79:1359-1369.

Katz, S.E., M.S. Brady, and P.L. Ward. 2000. The diffusion assay – alive, kicking and underutilized. Proceedings of the AOAC Symposium on Methods for Antibiotics and Drugs in Feeds. September 10, 2000, Presentation 5, Philadelphia, PA.

Ward, P.L., J.E. Wohlt, P.K. Zajac, and K.R. Cooper. 2000. Chemical and physical properties of processed newspaper compared to wheat straw and wood shavings as animal bedding. J Dairy Science 83:359-367.

McClain, J., J. E. Wohlt, K. McKeever, P. L. Ward, 1997. Horse hair coat cleanliness is affected by bedding material: a comparison of clean and used wheat straw, wood shavings and pelleted newspaper. J of Equine Veterinary Science, 17: 1, 48-52.

Book Chapters:

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2009. Pathogens and Toxins in Foods: Challenges and Interventions. ASM Press.

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2005. Antibiotics in foods and their significance. Antimicrobials in Foods, 3rd Edition. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, USA.

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2004. Antibiotics and Hormones. Toxins in Foods. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

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Scientific Papers:

Ward, P. 2012. Brown and black grease suitability for incorporation into feeds and suitability for biofuels. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 75, No. 4, 2012, Pages 731–737

Wiatrowski, H. A., P. L. Ward, and T. Barkay. 2006. Novel, mer-independent reduction of mercury by mercury sensitive dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria. Env. Sci. Technol. 40, 6690-96.

Le, K., R. Lehman, J. Remmert, K. VanNess, P.L. Ward, J.D. Idol. 2005. Multiphase blends from poly (L-lactide) and poly (methyl methacrylate). Accepted: Journal of Biomaterial Science

Kleiner, D., S. E. Katz, P. L. Ward. 2006. In vitro Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria Exposed to Residue Level Exposures of Antimicrobial Drugs, Pesticides and Veterinary Drugs. In press: Journal of Chemotherapy

G. Benyehuda, J. Coombs, P.L.Ward, D. Balkwill, and T. Barkay. 2003. Metal resistance among aerobic chemoheterotrophic bacteria from the deep terrestrial subsurface. Canadian Journal of Microbiology.

Ward, P, S. Fasitsas, and S. E. Katz. 2002. Antimicrobial resistance development mediated by nutraceuticals. The British Naturopathic Journal. Volume 19, No 3: 65-6.

Ward, P. L., J. E. Wohlt. 2002. A survey of cattle, horse, poultry and laboratory animal industries: preferences, perceptions and risks associated with recycled paper and traditional animal bedding materials use in New Jersey, 1995. Journal of Extension. Volume 40, 3 http://www.joe.org/joe/2002june/rb3.html.

Ward, P.L., S. Fasitsas, and S.E. Katz. 2002. Microbial inhibition, antibiotic interactions, and resistance development by nutraceuticals. J of Food Protection 65 (3) 528-533.

Ward, P.L., J.E. Wohlt, and S.E. Katz. 2001. Chemical, physical and environmental properties of pelleted newspaper compared to wheat straw and wood shavings as bedding for horses. J Animal Science 79:1359-1369.

Katz, S.E., M.S. Brady, and P.L. Ward. 2000. The diffusion assay – alive, kicking and underutilized. Proceedings of the AOAC Symposium on Methods for Antibiotics and Drugs in Feeds. September 10, 2000, Presentation 5, Philadelphia, PA.

Ward, P.L., J.E. Wohlt, P.K. Zajac, and K.R. Cooper. 2000. Chemical and physical properties of processed newspaper compared to wheat straw and wood shavings as animal bedding. J Dairy Science 83:359-367.

McClain, J., J. E. Wohlt, K. McKeever, P. L. Ward, 1997. Horse hair coat cleanliness is affected by bedding material: a comparison of clean and used wheat straw, wood shavings and pelleted newspaper. J of Equine Veterinary Science, 17: 1, 48-52.

Book Chapters:

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2009. Pathogens and Toxins in Foods: Challenges and Interventions. ASM Press.

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2005. Antibiotics in foods and their significance. Antimicrobials in Foods, 3rd Edition. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, USA.

Katz, S. E., P. L. Ward. 2004. Antibiotics and Hormones. Toxins in Foods. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.