Environmental and applied microbiology, biodegradation and bioremediation
Research in our laboratory focuses on the biodegradation of environmental pollutants, especially halogenated aromatic compounds. Our specific interests are in understanding (a) how microbes degrade toxic chemicals, such as halogenated aromatic compounds, and (b) how microbial communities can be stimulated to degrade soil, groundwater and sediment contaminants. Our laboratory is examining the diversity of aerobic and anaerobic processes in the degradation and transformation of environmental pollutants, including chlorinated and brominated aromatic compounds, chlorinated pesticides, PCBs and PAHs. Our research is seeking novel bioremediation strategies for degradation of these compounds in soils and sediments. Our long term research objectives involve examining the diverse catabolic activities of microbes and how biotransformation and biodegradation affect the fate of anthropogenic contaminants. A central objective in these studies is the physiological characterization of the microorganisms involved in contaminant degradation and transformation and the identification of degradation mechanisms and pathways. The work in our laboratory is currently focusing on identification of degradation mechanisms of halogenated aromatic compounds under different redox conditions, including a biochemical and molecular characterization of the degradation pathways. In addition, we are also examining the population structure and dynamics of anaerobic dehalogenating communities. Another area of interest is the characterization of rhizospheric bacteria involved in biodegradation of organic contaminants and developing their use in bioremediation. We are also exploring aspects of microbe-oligochaete interactions in biodegradation of organic contaminants. The aims of these research projects are to provide a basic understanding of the environmental fate of anthropogenic pollutants as well as to serve as a base for developing novel bioremediation or biocatalytic processes.
Granulicella arctica sp. nov., Granulicella mallensis sp. nov., Granulicella sapmiensis sp. nov. and Granulicella tundricola sp. nov., novel Acidobacteria from tundra soil of Northern Finland .
Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol.. 2012,
Comparative genomic and physiological analysis provides insights into the role of Acidobacteria in organic carbon utilization in Arctic tundra soils.
FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 2012,
Desulfurispirillum indicum sp. nov., a selenate and selenite respiring bacterium isolated from an estuarine canal in Southern India.
Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol. 2011, 61: 654 - 658
Terriglobus saanensis sp. nov., an aidobacterium isolated from tundra soil.
Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol. 2011, 61:1823-1828
Energy metabolism and multiple respiratory pathways revealed by genome sequencing of Desulfurispirillum indicum strain S5.
Environmental Microbiology. 2011, 13:1611-1621
Microbially Mediated O-Methylation of Bisphenol a Results in Metabolites with Increased Toxicity to the Developing Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Embryo.
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011, 45:6567-6574
The effect of co-substrate activation on indigenous and bioaugmented PCB-dechlorinating bacterial communities in sediment microcosms.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnology. 2011, 89:2005-2017
Community characterization of anaerobic methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) degrading enrichment cultures.
FEMS Microbiology Ecology. May 2010, 72, 2, pp. 279-288
Mucilaginibacter frigoritolerans sp. nov., Mucilaginibacter lappiensis sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter mallensis sp. nov., isolated from soil and lichen samples.
Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol. January 2010, 60,2849-2856
Embryonic exposure to tetrabromobisphenol A and its metabolites, bisphenol A and tetrabromobisphenol A dimethyl ether disrupts normal zebrafish (Danio rerio) development and matrix metalloproteinase expression.
Aquatic Toxicology. January 2010, 100:255-262
Desulfoluna spongiiphila sp. nov., a dehalogenating bacterium in the Desulfobacteraceae from the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba.
Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol.. September 2009, 59:2133-2139
Effect of freeze-thaw cycles on bacterial communities of Arctic tundra soil.
Microbial Ecology. March 2009, 58, 621-631
Identification of anaerobic selenate-respiring bacteria from aquatic sediments.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.. June 2007, 73, 3519-3527
Dehalogenation: Microbial Processes and Environmental Applications.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. January 2003,
To access the unabridged CV, View PDF version.
|1985||B.S., Life Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland|
|1986||M.S., General Microbiology, University of Helsinki|
|1987||Licentiate of Philosophy, General Microbiology, University of Helsinki.|
|1989||Ph.D., General Microbiology, University of Helsinki.|
|1985-1992||Instructor, Department of General Microbiology, University of Helsinki, Finland (on leave of absence 9/1988-12/1992)|
|1987-1988||Young Scientist Fellow, Department of General Microbiology, University of Helsinki.|
|1988-1991||Assistant Research Scientist, Department of Microbiology, New York University Medical Center, NY.|
|1991-1993||Research Assistant Professor, Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University Medical Center, NY.|
|1993-1997||Assistant Research Professor; 1997-1998, Associate Research Professor, Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment, Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ.|
|1993-2010||Member, Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment.|
|2011-pres.||Distinguished Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rutgers University.|
|2003-2008||Director, Undergraduate Program in Microbiology.|
|2008-pres.||Chair, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology.|
|2009-2011||Director, Graduate Program in Microbial Biology.|
|2009-pres.||Member, Rutgers Energy Institute.|
|2012-pres.||Member, Institute of Marine and Costal Sciences.|
OTHER PROFESSIONAL APPOINTMENTS:
|1991-pres.||Docent (Applied Microbiology), University of Helsinki, Finland.|
|1993-1996||Adjunct Assistant Professor, Institute of Environmental Medicine, NYU Medical Center.|
|1995-2006||Member, Editorial Board, Applied and Environmental Microbiology.|
|1996-pres.||Docent (Environmental Microbiology), University of Jyväskylä, Finland.|
|1998-2003||Member, Editorial Board, FEMS Microbiology Ecology.|
|2000-2001||Visiting Professor, Dept. of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, Finland (sabbatical appointment).|
|2004-pres.||Visiting Scientist, Finnish Forest Research Institute - Rovaniemi Research Station, Finland.|
|2010-pres.||Visiting Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute for Urban Environment, Xiamen, China.|
|2003-2010||Editor, FEMS Microbiology Ecology.|
|2011-pres.||Chief Editor, FEMS Microbiology Ecology.|
HONORS AND AWARDS:
- Young Scientist’s Fellowship, University of Helsinki, 1987-1988.
- Rutgers University Board of Trustees Research Fellowship for Scholarly Excellence, 1999.
- Cook College / New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Sustained Research Excellence Award, 2003.
- American Society for Microbiology US-Indo Professorship, 2009.
- Waksman Honorary Lectureship Award, Theobald Smith Society, American Society for Microbiology New Jersey Branch, 2010.
- Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2010.
- Elected Fellow, American Academy of Microbiology, 2011.
- Waksman Outstanding Teaching Award, Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2014.
MAJOR RESEARCH INTERESTS:
Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology: linking ecosystem functions with microbial (bacterial) diversity; microbial bioprospecting - isolation, characterization and taxonomy of novel bacteria; microbial metabolism of toxic and environmental pollutants (biodegradation of halogenated aromatic compounds, biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons and gasoline additives); bacterial respiration of selenium and arsenic; microbial ecology of Arctic tundra soils.
Environmental Biotechnology: development of bioremediation methods for treatment of contaminated soil, groundwater and sediment.
CURRENT RESEARCH GRANTS:
The ecological role of Acidobacteria in carbon cycling in Arctic tundra soil ecosystems. Academy of Finland, 641,305 Euro, 01/2012-12/2015, PI.
Natural Attenuation and Enhanced Biodegradation of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether in Anoxic Aquifers. NSF CBET, 09/2013-08/2016, $330,000 PI.
Mitigating pesticide pollution in the Mekong delta. VLIR-UOS Flemish Institutional University Cooperation, Euro 99,820 (~$135,000), 4/2010-4/2014, Co-Investigator/Collaborator (10% effort) with PI Vi Thi Guong (Cantho University, Vietnam), D. Springael, R. Merckx (K.U.Leuven).
REU Site: The Biogeography of Biotransformations for Halogenated Organic Compounds, a Comparison of the Tropics, Temperate and Sub-Arctic Environments. NSF, $375,000, 03/01/11 - 02/28/14, Co-PI, (PI: LY Young) NSF EEC 1062477.
11:680:494 | Applied Microbiology